Journal of Plant Biotechnology : eISSN 2384-1397 / pISSN 1229-2818

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Phytochemical constituents in different kenaf tissues in various solvents by UPLC (mg/100 g)

No.Name of the compound Methanol Water Ethanol Chloroform
Leaf
1Chlorogenic acid2.6b23.4a0.4c0.5c
2Caffeic acid7.9b76.4a1.3c-d
3Kaempferol glycoside7.0b59.2a2.2c-d
4Afzelin5.9b38.5a1.9b-d
5Isoquercitrin2.5b18.0a0.8c-d
6Kaempferitrin29.6b178.2a10.0c0.1d
7Unknown-b-b8.0a-b
8Naringin-b-b7.6a-b
9Naringin isomer-b-b5.1a-b

Bark
1Gallic acid1.5b4.7a-c-c
2p-Hydroxybenzoic acid1.0b15.9a-c-c
3Vanillin2.1b19.9a-c-c
4Caffeic acid isomer1.5a18.9a-c-c
5Caffeic acid5.2a51.3a-c-c
6Kaempferol glycoside2.9b10.0a4.2b-c
7Afzelin4.9b13.7a4.5b-c
8Isoquercitrin2.8b9.5a1.1b-c
9Kaempferitrin17.5b25.0a24.1c-d

Flower
1p-Hydroxybenzoic acid9.1b36.0a-c-c
2Anthocyanin (520 nm)14.8b41.4a1.5c-
3Caffeic acid5.2b17.7a3.5b-c
4Unknown compound3.8b11.8a2.5b-c
5Myricetin glycoside162.5a142.5b44.7c-d

Seed
1Gallic acid1.1b6.7a1.3b-c
2p-Hydroxybenzoic acid3.0b95.5a-c-c
3syringic acid0.8b13.5a-c-c
4p-coumaric acid-b26.7a-b-b
5Vanillin0.6b44.3a-c-c
6Tannic acid1.3c-d9.7b14.0a
7Tannic acid isomer1.5c-d7.7b11.1a
8Proanthocyanidin-c-c8.0b13.2a
9Proanthocyanidin isomer-c-c8.7b12.4a
10Unknown-b-b5.1a5.8a
11Naringin-b-b4.3a6.5a
12Naringin isomer-b-b4.1a6.7a

a,b,c,dDifferent letters indicate a significant difference at the 5% level (Duncan’s multiple range tests, n=3).

J Plant Biotechnol 2017;44:191-202 https://doi.org/10.5010/JPB.2017.44.2.191
© 2017 J Plant Biotechnol