Journal of Plant Biotechnology : eISSN 2384-1397 / pISSN 1229-2818

Table. 4.

Table. 4.

Some medicinal benefits of chemical components in coffee

Component name Part References
Caffeine (C8H10N4O2; 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) Beans Abdulmumin 2014

Chlorogenicacid (5-caffeoylquinicacid; 5-CQA) Green beans

Diterpenes (C20H32)

Trigonelline (N-methyl nicotinic acid)

Phenylalanineammonia-lyase (PAL) Young leaflets Thomas 2006

Phenylpropane (C9H12S)

Methylxanthine (3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione)

Theophylline (C7H8N4O2) Petals and stamens


7-Methylxanthosine Ramalakshmi and Raghavan 1999

7-Methylxanthine

3,7-Dimethylxanthine

Melanoidins Beans Passos et al. 2021.


Alkaloids Diviš et al. 2019; Iriondo-DeHond et al. 2021; Katarzyna et al. 2021

Cafestol (C20H28O3) and kahweol (C20H26O3) Coffee beans

Caffeoylquinic acid (C16H18O9)

Glucuronic acid (C6H10O7) Green coffee, roasted coffee beans

Triglyceride (C6H8O6)

Stigmasterol and sitosterol

Linoleic, linolenic, oleic, palmitic, stearic, arachidic, lignoceric, behenic acid

Fatty acids with pentacyclic

Waxes

Tocopherols (C29H50O2)

Phosphatides

Nicotinic acid (pyridine-3-carboxylic acid)

Aliphatic acids and quinic acid Coffee beverages or drew

N-Methylpyridinium Serotonin

Spermine and spermidine

Carbolins (norharman and harman)

Vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, C, E, K)

Acrylamide

Furan

N-alkanoyl-5-hydroxytryptamides

g-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)

Sucrose (C12H22O11) Petals and stamens Ramalakshmi and Raghavan 1999

Pectin (C6H10O7)

Starch (C6H10O5)n

Pentosan (C10H18O21S4)

Hemicellulose (C5H10O5)

Holocellulose (fiber) (C6H10O5)n

Lignin

Oils

Protein

Ash

Sugars (mannose, galactose, arabinose) Beans Passos et al. 2021

Caffeic acid Roasted beans

Polysaccharides (cellulose, arabinogalactan, galactomannan) Green coffee, roasted coffee beans Diviš et al. 2019; Iriondo-DeHond et al. 2021; Katarzyna et al. 2021

Oligosaccharides (stachyose, raffinose)

Monosaccharides (glucose, galactose, arabinose, fructose, mannose, mannitol, xylose, ribose)

Feruloylquinic acids (3-, 4-, and 5-FQA) Young leaves

Isomers of monoesters (3-, 4-, and 5-CQA) and diesters (3,4-, 3,5-, and 4,5-diCQA)

Hydroxycinnamoylquinic acids

Variousiridoid glycosides, tannins, andanthraquinones

Mangiferin and isomangiferin

3,4-Dicaffeoylquinic acid

Caffeine xanthinemethyltransferase 1, methylxanthinemethyltransferase 2, and dimethylxanthinemethyltransferase

Theobromine1-N-methyltransferase

Uric acid, allantoin,allantoicacid, and urea

Furanones, acetaldehyde, propanal, and methylpropanal

Adenosine nucleosidase

Polyphenol oxidases Early development leaf
J Plant Biotechnol 2021;48:207-22 https://doi.org/10.5010/JPB.2021.48.4.207
© 2021 J Plant Biotechnol