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Implications of access and benefit-sharing of genetic resources for researchers
J Plant Biotechnol 2021;48:1-11
Published online March 31, 2021
© 2021 The Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology.

Jonghyun Lee ・Minho An ・Soohyo Lee ・Young-Hyo Chang

ABS Research Support Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon 34141, Korea
Correspondence to: e-mail:
Received January 28, 2021; Revised March 24, 2021; Accepted March 24, 2021.
cc This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
In the era of the Nagoya Protocol, the way researchers have perceived genetic resources needs to change - genetic resources are no longer a common heritage of mankind. Many countries have recently amended their legal systems and are ready to adopt new legal procedures for access and benefit-sharing (ABS) of genetic resources to implement the Nagoya Protocol, claiming their sovereign rights over these resources for research use. Although both Korean government and academics have been striving to respond to the Nagoya Protocol, the understanding of ABS among researchers and the governmental guidelines for the use of genetic resources are not satisfactory yet. Researchers may perceive the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol as another burden for their research. However, it is evident that resource-rich countries are more likely to protect their genetic resources than other countries, and this tendency is expected to last long. Therefore, Korean researchers need to be prepared to minimize any damage that might be caused by ABS. This paper aims to raise awareness of ABS among Korean researchers by reviewing the key contents and overall structure of the Nagoya Protocol. It also identifies ABS procedures and presents specific measures for researchers to respond to the resulting changes in their research environments. Accordingly, this paper will serve as a guide for researchers to conduct research and development in accordance with the Nagoya Protocol.
Keywords : Nagoya Protocol, Genetic resources, Access and benefit-sharing (ABS)

March 2021, 48 (1)
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