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Development of an SNP set for marker-assisted breeding based on the genotyping-by-sequencing of elite inbred lines in watermelon
J Plant Biotechnol 2018;45:242-249
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 The Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology.

Junewoo Lee, Beunggu Son, Youngwhan Choi, Jumsoon Kang, Youngjae Lee, Byoung Il Je, Younghoon Park

Department of Horticultural Bioscience, Pusan National University (PNU), Miryang, 50464, Korea)
Correspondence to: e-mail: ypark@pusan.ac.kr
Received August 17, 2018; Revised August 17, 2018; Accepted August 17, 2018.
cc This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
This study was conducted to develop an SNP set that can be useful for marker-assisted breeding (MAB) in watermelon (Citrullus. lanatus L) using Genotyping-bysequencing (GBS) analysis of 20 commercial elite watermelon inbreds. The result of GBS showed that 77% of approximately 1.1 billion raw reads were mapped on the watermelon genome with an average mapping region of about 4,000 Kb, which indicated genome coverage of 2.3%. After the filtering process, a total of 2,670 SNPs with an average depth of 31.57 and the PIC (Polymorphic Information Content) value of 0.1~0.38 for 20 elite inbreds were obtained. Among those SNPs, 55 SNPs (5 SNPs per chromosome that are equally distributed on each chromosome) were selected. For the understanding genetic relationship of 20 elite inbreds, PCA (Principal Component Analysis) was carried out with 55 SNPs, which resulted in the classification of inbreds into 4 groups based on PC1 (52%) and PC2 (11%), thus causing differentiation between the inbreds. A similar classification pattern for PCA was observed from hierarchical clustering analysis. The SNP set developed in this study has the potential for application to cultivar identification, F1 seed purity test, and marker-assisted backcross (MABC) not only for 20 elite inbreds but also for diverse resources for watermelon breeding.
Keywords : Cultivar identification, GBS, MABC, SNP, watermelon


September 2018, 45 (3)
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