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Current status of new plant breeding technology and its efforts toward social acceptance
J Plant Biotechnol 2018;45:299-305
Published online December 31, 2018
© 2018 The Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology.

Yu Jin Jung, Jong Mi Kim, Soo-Chul Park, Yong-Gu Cho, Kwon Kyoo Kang

Department of Horticultural Life Science, Hankyong National University, Anseong 17579, Korea
Institute of Genetic Engineering, Hankyong National University, Ansung 17579, Korea
Korea Public Management Institute, 684 Tongil-ro, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul, 03371, Korea
Crop Biotechnology Institute, Green Bio Science & Technology, Seoul National University, Pyeongchang 25354, Korea
Department of Crop Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
Correspondence to: e-mail: kykang@hknu.ac.kr
Received December 13, 2018; Revised December 14, 2018; Accepted December 14, 2018.
cc This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Although new plant breeding technologies facilitate efficient plant breeding without introducing a transgene, they are creating indistinct boundaries in the regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The rapid advancement in plant breeding by genome-editing requires the establishment of a new global policy for the new biotechnology, while filling the gap between process-based and product-based GMO in terms of regulations. In this study recent developments in producing major crops using new plant breeding technologies were reviewed, and a regulatory model that takes into account the various methodologies to achieve genetic modifications as well as the resulting types of mutation were proposed. Moreover, the communication process were discussed in order to understand consumers’ current situation and problems of new plant breeding technology, establish social acceptance well, and understand consumers’ disputes such as GMO crops.
Keywords : Genome editing, Crops, Breeding, GMO, Regulations, Society


December 2018, 45 (4)
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