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Morphological and molecular analysis of indigenous Myanmar mango (Mangifera indica L.) landraces around Kyaukse district
J Plant Biotechnol 2019;46:61-70
Published online June 30, 2019
© 2019 The Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology.

May Sandar Kyaing · April Nwet Yee Soe · Moe Moe Myint · Honey Thet Paing Htway · Khin Pyone Yi · Seinn Sandar May Phyo · Nwe Nwe Soe Hlaing

Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Biotechnology Research Department, Kyaukse District 05051, Myanmar
Correspondence to: e-mail: maysandar1207@gmail.com
Received March 13, 2019; Revised March 14, 2019; Accepted April 3, 2019.
cc This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
There is vast genetic diversity of Myanmar Mangoes. This study mainly focused on indigenous thirteen different mango landraces cultivated in central area of Myanmar, Kyauk-se District and their fruit characteristics by 18 descriptors together with genetic relationship among them by 12 SSR markers. Based on the morpho-physical characters, a wide variation among accessions was found. Genetic characterization of thirteen mango genotypes resulted in the detection of 302 scorable polymorphic bands with an average of 4.33 alleles per locus and an average polymorphism information content (PIC) of 0.7. All the genotypes were grouped into two major clusters by UPGMA cluster analysis and a genetic similarity was observed in a range of 61 ~ 85%. This study may somehow contribute insights into the identification of regional mango diversity in Myanmar and would be useful for future mango breeding program.
Keywords : Mango, fruit morphological characters, genetic analysis, Kyauk-se District


June 2019, 46 (2)
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  • Biotechnology Research Department, Ministry of Education, Kyauk-se District, Myanmar
     
     
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