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Development of Vivorium, a new indoor horticultural ornamental plants via plant tissue culture techniques
J Plant Biotechnol 2021;48:179-185
Published online September 30, 2021
© 2021 The Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology.

Min Hee Hwang ・Do Yeon Kim・In Sun Cho ・Mi Hyung Kim・Hyun Sook Kwon ・Jong Bo Kim・Su Jung Kim・Sun Hyung Kim

(Department of Environmental Horticulture, University of Seoul, Seoul 02504, Korea)
(Department of Biotechnology, College of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Global Campus. Konkuk university, Choong-Ju, 27478, Korea)
(The Goguma, University of Seoul, Seoul 02504, Korea)
(Bioenergy Crop Research Institute, National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration, Muan 58545, Republic of Korea)
Correspondence to: e-mail:
Received August 6, 2021; Revised September 23, 2021; Accepted September 23, 2021.
cc This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Indoor gardening includes wall greening, terrariums, and flower arrangements. Among these types of indoor gardens, the terrarium is easy to access for the general public, but in Korea, because of the focus on esthetics, the original purpose of creating terrariums, which was to grow plants sustainably in an enclosed space, has been lost. In addition, miniaturization of plants is required to grow plants in an enclosed space. Since the available plant species suitable for a terrarium are limited, only plants such as succulents, cacti, and moss have been used. In this study, Bronze (X Graptosedum) was used, and these problems were solved using the following three methods: placement and growth of virusfree plants in the terrarium; extending the diversity of plants with minimal size that can be planted in terrariums; and reducing the price of in vitro plants with minimal size by achieving large-scale production. In particular, tissue-cultured succulents were developed into a Vivorium by replacing the tissue culture container and renewing the composition of the plant. This paper suggests a new indoor horticultural field, Vivorium, that can improve the current limitations of terrariums and make them more accessible to the general public. The introduction and popularization of new indoor gardening fields with the increase in single-person households and indoor activities in the Pandemic era can also improve psychological stability among people and in the society.
Keywords : Vivorium, Tissue culture, Indoor gardening, Terrarium, Mini plant, Virus free, Large-scale production

September 2021, 48 (3)
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