On-line First

J Plant Biotechnol

Published online May 31, 2024

© The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology

Agricultural Sustainability through Smart Farming Systems: A comparative analysis between The Republic of Uganda and Korea

Young Min Kang 1, 2*, Kenneth Happy 1, 2, Roggers Gang 1, 2, 3, Yeongjun Ban 2, Sungyu Yang 2, Endang Rahmat 4, Denis Okello 5, Richard Komakech 6, 7, Cyrus Okello 8, Kalule Okello David 3

1Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM), 2Herbal Medicine Resources Research Center, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM), 111 Geonjae-Ro, Naju-Si, Jeollanam-Do, 58245, South Korea, 3National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI) Serere, P.O Box 56 Soroti, Uganda, 4Bina Nusantara University, Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Engineering, Jakarta, 11480, Indonesia, 5Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kabale University, P. O. Box 317, Kabale, Uganda, 6Natural Chemotherapeutics Research Institute (NCRI), Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 4864, Kampala, Uganda, 7National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Uganda, 8Makerere University Agricultural Institute Kabanyolo (MUARIK), Uganda

Received: 7 May 2024; Revised: 31 May 2024; Accepted: 31 May 2024

Abstract

Smart farming, which is the integration of information and communication technologies into machinery and sensors for use in agricultural systems, is well-thought-out to potentially enhance the sustainability of agriculture and global food security. The call for smart farming is due to growing adverse environmental, ecological, social, and economic impact on food systems. Since the potential impact of smart farming solutions across countries is less known, this paper, comprehensively analyses the role of smart farming solutions in sustaining agricultural production in the context of comparing an emergent country (Uganda) and a developed country (Korea) by scrutinizing each country’s agricultural assets, natural resources, approaches, technologies, policy interventions, achievements, challenges encountered, and reasons underlying smart farm pursuit. Information presented in the paper indicate that: Both countries have similar objectives in pursuit for smart farming i.e. response to climate change and sustaining food security, however, Korea employs a holistic approach of revolutionizing agriculture through smart farms, whereas in Uganda, distinct smart farming interventions implemented by government institutions, competing private sector, and non-governmental organizations are shaping the development of smart farm concept. In conclusion, the application of smart farming solutions seem promising in enhancing the stability of the whole food system in the two countries.

Keywords Digital farming, Food Security, Climate change, Internet Of Things, Greenhouse gases, agri-food system

Article

On-line First

J Plant Biotechnol

Published online May 31, 2024

Copyright © The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology.

Agricultural Sustainability through Smart Farming Systems: A comparative analysis between The Republic of Uganda and Korea

Young Min Kang 1, 2*, Kenneth Happy 1, 2, Roggers Gang 1, 2, 3, Yeongjun Ban 2, Sungyu Yang 2, Endang Rahmat 4, Denis Okello 5, Richard Komakech 6, 7, Cyrus Okello 8, Kalule Okello David 3

1Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM), 2Herbal Medicine Resources Research Center, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM), 111 Geonjae-Ro, Naju-Si, Jeollanam-Do, 58245, South Korea, 3National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI) Serere, P.O Box 56 Soroti, Uganda, 4Bina Nusantara University, Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Engineering, Jakarta, 11480, Indonesia, 5Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kabale University, P. O. Box 317, Kabale, Uganda, 6Natural Chemotherapeutics Research Institute (NCRI), Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 4864, Kampala, Uganda, 7National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Uganda, 8Makerere University Agricultural Institute Kabanyolo (MUARIK), Uganda

Received: 7 May 2024; Revised: 31 May 2024; Accepted: 31 May 2024

Abstract

Smart farming, which is the integration of information and communication technologies into machinery and sensors for use in agricultural systems, is well-thought-out to potentially enhance the sustainability of agriculture and global food security. The call for smart farming is due to growing adverse environmental, ecological, social, and economic impact on food systems. Since the potential impact of smart farming solutions across countries is less known, this paper, comprehensively analyses the role of smart farming solutions in sustaining agricultural production in the context of comparing an emergent country (Uganda) and a developed country (Korea) by scrutinizing each country’s agricultural assets, natural resources, approaches, technologies, policy interventions, achievements, challenges encountered, and reasons underlying smart farm pursuit. Information presented in the paper indicate that: Both countries have similar objectives in pursuit for smart farming i.e. response to climate change and sustaining food security, however, Korea employs a holistic approach of revolutionizing agriculture through smart farms, whereas in Uganda, distinct smart farming interventions implemented by government institutions, competing private sector, and non-governmental organizations are shaping the development of smart farm concept. In conclusion, the application of smart farming solutions seem promising in enhancing the stability of the whole food system in the two countries.

Keywords: Digital farming, Food Security, Climate change, Internet Of Things, Greenhouse gases, agri-food system

JPB
Vol 51. 2024

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